Electric Car EPA Efficiency Mega Comparison (US): Feb 13, 2022

The confined battery capability makes efficiency one of the most vital variables that specifically affect the ultimate array of an electrical car or truck, as properly as other elements, which include electrical power prices.

In modern submit, we will check out the EPA strength consumption (the only widespread metric for all BEVs in the US) of at the moment offered designs (and multiple forthcoming ones), as of early February 2022.

In some instances, EPA efficiency values are predicted/approximated (by a company) or carried in excess of from the prior product calendar year (not still formally listed on the EPA web site).

The EPA strength usage numbers (MPGe – miles per gallon-equivalent) consist of charging losses, so they give us glimpses of what we can expect in phrases of the complete vitality use. We calculate the quantities to Wh/mile.

Let us get into the outcomes.

General, the EPA performance differs between 253 Wh/mi (157 Wh/km) to 535 Wh/mi (333 Wh/km).

The most economical model on the listing is the Hyundai IONIQ Electric powered at about 253 Wh/mi (157 Wh/km). It truly is not a substantial car, and it has a rather small and gentle, air-cooled battery (38.3 kWh).

The second most productive design is the Tesla Model 3 RWD (LFP-driven), at about 255 Wh/mi (158 Wh/km). It is not as good as the former Tesla Product 3 SR+ at 237 Wh/mi (147 Wh/km) even though.

The Hyundai IONIQ Electric powered has returned to the prime (from #3 in September 2021), with out technical adjustments, simply because the most current 2022 Tesla Product 3 versions famous reduced EPA effectiveness scores than in 2021. The previously most effective auto – Tesla Model 3 Typical Range Furthermore (SR+) with NCA batteries – has been changed by the Tesla Product 3 RWD with a heavier LFP battery (a lot less power-dense and with a couple of extra kWh), mostly to enhance affordability. EPA strength efficiency diminished by about 7-8%.

In third spot, we can see two models at about 257 Wh/mi (160 Wh/km). 1st, the Lucid Air Grand Touring with 19″ wheels. It’s also the top in terms of freeway class at 255 Wh/mi (158 Wh/km). And second, the 2022 Tesla Product 3 Very long Assortment AWD, which is a little bit fewer productive than in 2021, when it was in advance of the Hyundai IONIQ Electric at 251 Wh/mi (156 Wh/km).

All of these figures are quite awesome if we look at the usage of less than 26 kWh per 100 miles or 16 kWh for each 100 km.

The most effective crossover/SUV, according to the EPA, is the 2022 Tesla Design Y Extensive Variety AWD at 276 Wh/mi (172 Wh/km). Also somewhat worse than in the 2021 model yr version.

Appealing is the instead high posture of the all-new Kia EV6 at 288 Wh/mi (179 Wh/km), not significantly guiding the Hyundai Kona Electric.


* some numbers estimated/unofficial values

In some conditions, the EPA selection/efficiency contains values envisioned/approximated (by a producer) or carried more than from the earlier product year (not however officially shown on the EPA web-site).

** Porsche Taycan relatives/Audi e-tron GT EPA figures are typically substantially even worse than in the actual-planet assessments (see InsideEVs 70 mph range take a look at final results below)

*** Vitality intake in Wh/mile is calculated from EPA’s MPGe figures for Merged/Town/Freeway classes.

**** only versions for which knowledge are accessible
Details for the 2022 BMW i4, BMW iX, Ford F-150 Lightning, GMC Hummer EV Pickup, Nissan Ariya, Volkswagen ID.4, as perfectly as most of the Ford Mustang Mach-E are not yet readily available.

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